McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Solution One manufacturer and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis builder, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and second most effective Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and eight Manufacturers' Champions. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and quickly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take full control of the group. This started the team's most effective age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took six Builders' Champions. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams offered the most constant difficulty during this duration, the two winning every contractors' title in between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until at least 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando race car Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Solution One group Cooper with whom he had actually won 3 Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, however when group owner Charles Cooper demanded utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce chose to establish his own group to run him and his potential Solution One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper automobiles.